Tag Archives: surface

Eagle ’69

‘Apollo 11’ was the first lunar-landing mission. Launched on July 16 (1969), the crew of ‘Neil A. Armstrong’, ‘Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.’, and ‘Michael Allen Collins’ flew the spacecraft ‘Columbia’ (CSM) and ‘Eagle’ (LM). On July 20 (1969), ‘Armstrong’ and ‘Aldrin’ landed the ‘Eagle’ at the relatively flat and unobstructed Tranquillity site on the ‘Moon’, while ‘Collins’ remained in the ‘CSM’.

The ‘LM’ spent 21 hours 36 minutes on the lunar surface, and the crew spent 2 hours 31 minutes outside the ‘LM’ in a local area excursion on foot to a distance of approximately 50 m (160 ft) from Tranquillity Base. ‘Armstrong’ and ‘Aldrin’ evaluated the capability of working on the lunar surface, established a small scientific station, and collected 22 kg (49 lb) of lunar rocks and soil.

Using the descent stage of the ‘LM’ as a launching platform, the ascent stage of the ‘LM’ took off from the ‘Moon’ surface to rendezvous and dock with the ‘CSM’. The spacecraft departed lunar orbit over two days after arrival. This eight-day mission landed and was recovered safely in the ‘Pacific Ocean’. As a precautionary measure, the astronauts were quarantined for 14 days.

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NASA 20:18

‘Apollo 11’ was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on the ‘Moon’, ‘Americans’ ‘Neil Armstrong’ and ‘Buzz Aldrin’, on July 20, (1969), at 20:18 UTC. Launched by a ‘Saturn V’ rocket from ‘Kennedy Space Center’ in ‘Merritt Island’, ‘Florida’, on July 16, ‘Apollo 11’ was the fifth manned mission of ‘NASA Apollo program’.

Broadcast on live TV to a world-wide audience, ‘Armstrong’ stepped onto the lunar surface and described the event as “one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” After the crew of ‘Apollo 10’ named their spacecraft ‘Charlie Brown’ and ‘Snoopy’, assistant manager for public affairs ‘Julian Scheer’ wrote to ‘Manned Spacecraft Center’ director ‘George M. Low’ to suggest the ‘Apollo 11’ crew be less flippant in naming their craft. During early mission planning, the names ‘Snowcone’ and ‘Haystack’ were used and put in the news release, but the crew later decided to change them.

The ‘Apollo 11’ mission insignia was designed by ‘Collins’, who wanted a symbol for “peaceful lunar landing by the United States”. He chose an eagle as the symbol, put an olive branch in its beak, and drew a lunar background with the ‘Earth’ in the distance.

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