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Republican Politics

On November 6, (1860), ‘Lincoln’ was elected the 16th president of the ‘United States’, beating ‘Democrat’ ‘Stephen A. Douglas’, ‘John C. Breckinridge’ of the ‘Southern Democrats’, and ‘John Bell’ of the new ‘Constitutional Union Party’. He was the first president from the ‘Republican Party’. His victory was entirely due to the strength of his support in the ‘North’ and ‘West’; no ballots were cast for him in 10 of the 15 ‘Southern’ slave states, and he won only two of 996 counties in all the ‘Southern’ states.

On May 9–10, (1860), the ‘Illinois’ ‘Republican State Convention’ was held in ‘Decatur’. ‘Lincoln’ followers organized a campaign team led by ‘David Davis’, ‘Norman Judd’, ‘Leonard Swett’, and ‘Jesse DuBois’, and ‘Lincoln’ received his first endorsement to run for the presidency. On May 18, at the ‘Republican National Convention’ in ‘Chicago’, ‘Lincoln’ friends promised and manipulated and won the nomination on the third ballot, beating candidates such as ‘William H. Seward’ and ‘Salmon P. Chase’. A former ‘Democrat’, ‘Hannibal Hamlin’ of ‘Maine’, was nominated for ‘Vice President’ to balance the ticket. ‘Lincoln’ success depended on his reputation as a moderate on the slavery issue, and his strong support for ‘Whiggish’ programs of internal improvements and the protective tariff.

‘Abraham Lincoln’ was born February 12, (1809), the second child of ‘Thomas’ and ‘Nancy Hanks Lincoln’, in a one-room log cabin on the ‘Sinking Spring Farm’ in ‘Hardin County’, ‘Kentucky’. He is a descendant of ‘Samuel Lincoln’, who migrated from ‘Norfolk’, ‘England’ to ‘Hingham’, ‘Massachusetts’, in (1638). ‘Samuel’ grandson and great-grandson began the family western migration, which passed through ‘New Jersey’, ‘Pennsylvania’, and ‘Virginia’. ‘Lincoln’ paternal grandfather and namesake, ‘Captain Abraham Lincoln’, moved the family from Virginia to ‘Jefferson County’, ‘Kentucky’ in the (1780s).

‘Lincoln’ has been consistently ranked both by scholars and the public as one of the three greatest ‘United States’ presidents.

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