Tag Archives: government

Presidents Day

The federal holiday honoring ‘George Washington’ was originally implemented by an ‘Act of Congress’ in (1879) for government offices in ‘Washington’ and expanded in (1885) to include all federal offices. As the first federal holiday to honor an ‘American President’, the holiday was celebrated on ‘Washington’ actual birthday, February 22. On January 1, (1971), the federal holiday was shifted to the third Monday in February by the ‘Uniform Monday Holiday Act’. This date places it between February 15 and 21, which makes the name “Washington’s Birthday” in some sense a misnomer, since it never occurs on ‘Washington’ actual birthday, either February 11 or February 22.

Today, the February holiday has become well known for being a day in which many stores, especially car dealers, hold sales. Until the late (1980), corporate businesses generally closed on this day, similar to present corporate practices on ‘Memorial Day’ or ‘Christmas Day’. With the late (1980) advertising push to rename the holiday, more and more businesses are staying open on the holiday each year, and, as on ‘Veterans Day’ and ‘Columbus Day’, most delivery services outside of the ‘United States Postal Service’ now offer regular service on the day as well. Some public transit systems have also gone to regular schedules on the day. Many colleges and universities hold regular classes and operations on ‘Presidents Day’.

Various theories exist for this, one accepted reason being to make up for the growing trend of corporations to close in observance of the ‘Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.’ Conversely, many schools and business formerly open on this day began closing after the observance of ‘Dr. King’ birthday holiday became prevalent. This was done in order not to diminish ‘Washington’ birthday in comparison to ‘King’. However, when reviewing the ‘Uniform Monday Holiday Bill’ debate of (1968) in the ‘Congressional Record’, one notes that supporters of the ‘Bill’ were intent on moving federal holidays to Mondays to promote business.

Both ‘Lincoln’ and ‘Washington’ birthdays are in February. In historical rankings of ‘Presidents of the United States’ both ‘Lincoln’ and ‘Washington’ are frequently, but not always, the top two presidents.

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Independence

‘Independence Day’ known as the ‘Fourth of July’, is a federal holiday in the ‘United States of America’ commemorating the adoption of the ‘Declaration of Independence’ on (1776).

‘Independence Day’ is commonly associated with fireworks, parades, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, picnics, concerts, baseball games, family reunions, and political speeches and ceremonies, in addition to various other public and private events celebrating the history, government, and traditions of the ‘United States’.

Families often celebrate ‘Independence Day’ by hosting or attending a picnic or barbecue and take advantage of the day off and, in some years, long weekend to gather with relatives. Decorations are generally colored red, white, and blue, the colors of the American flag.

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We Under The Flag

‘Flag Day’ is celebrated on June 14. It commemorates the adoption of the flag of the ‘United States’, which happened on that day in (1777) by resolution of the ‘Second Continental Congress’. In (1916), President ‘Woodrow Wilson’ issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as ‘Flag Day’; in August (1949), ‘National Flag Day’ was established by an ‘Act of Congress’.

On June 14, (1937), Pennsylvania became the first (and only) ‘United States’ state to celebrate ‘Flag Day’ as a state holiday, beginning in the town of ‘Rennerdale’. ‘New York Statutes’ designate the second Sunday in June as ‘Flag Day’, a state holiday.

The week of June 14 is designated as “National Flag Week.” During ‘National Flag Week’, the president will issue a proclamation urging ‘United States’ citizens to fly the ‘American’ flag for the duration of that week. The flag should also be displayed on all government buildings.

Some organizations hold parades and events in celebration of ‘America’ national flag and everything it represents. The ‘National Flag Day Foundation’ holds an annual observance for ‘Flag Day’ on the second Sunday in June. The program includes a ceremonial raising of the flag, recitation of the ‘Pledge of Allegiance’, singing of the national anthem, a parade and more.

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Wartime Daughter

‘Anne Frank’ was born in ‘Frankfurt’ (1929), ‘Germany’, the second daughter of ‘Otto Frank’ and ‘Edith Frank’. Her wartime diary ‘The Diary of a Young Girl’ has been the basis for several plays and films.

On March (1933), elections were held in ‘Frankfurt’ for the municipal council, and ‘Adolf Hitler’ ‘Nazi Party’ won. Antisemitic demonstrations occurred almost immediately.

In May (1940), ‘Germany’ invaded the ‘Netherlands’, and the occupation government began to persecute ‘Jews’ by the implementation of restrictive and discriminatory laws; mandatory registration and segregation soon followed.

She lived most of her life in or near ‘Amsterdam’, in the ‘Netherlands’ and ‘Otto Frank’, the only survivor of the family, returned to ‘Amsterdam’ after the war to find that ‘Anne’ diary had been saved, and his efforts led to its publication in (1947).

‘Eleanor Roosevelt’ described it as “one of the wisest and most moving commentaries on war and its impact on human beings that I have ever read”.

She gained international fame posthumously after her diary was published. It documents her experiences hiding during the ‘German’ occupation of the ‘Netherlands’ in ‘World War II’.

‘John F. Kennedy’ discussed ‘Anne Frank’ in a (1961) speech, and said, “Of all the multitudes who throughout history have spoken for human dignity in times of great suffering and loss, no voice is more compelling than that of Anne Frank”.