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Orwell Diaries

‘Eric Arthur Blair’ born in (1903) known by his pen name ‘George Orwell’, was an ‘English’ novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and commitment to democratic socialism.

Commonly ranked as one of the most influential ‘English’ writers of the ’20th century’ and as one of the most important chroniclers of ‘English’ culture of his generation. During most of his career, ‘Orwell’ was best known for his journalism, in essays, reviews, columns in newspapers and magazines and in his books of reportage: ‘Down and Out in Paris and London’ (describing a period of poverty in these cities), The Road to Wigan Pier (describing the living conditions of the poor in northern ‘England’, and the class divide generally) and ‘Homage to Catalonia’.

According to ‘Irving Howe’, ‘Orwell’ was “the best English essayist since Hazlitt, perhaps since Dr Johnson”. ‘Coming Up for Air’, his last novel before ‘World War II’ is the most “English” of his novels; alarums of war mingle with images of idyllic ‘Thames-side Edwardian’ childhood of protagonist ‘George Bowling’.

In an autobiographical piece that ‘Orwell’ sent to the editors of ‘Twentieth Century Authors’ in (1940), he wrote: “The writers I care about most and never grow tired of are: ‘Shakespeare’, ‘Swift’, ‘Fielding’, ‘Dickens’, ‘Charles Reade’, ‘Flaubert’ and, among modern writers, ‘James Joyce’, ‘T. S. Eliot’ and ‘D. H. Lawrence’.