Monthly Archives: November 2014

Christian Advent

The ‘Christmas’ season, also called the holiday season especially in the ‘United States’ and ‘Canada’, the festive season, or simply the holidays, is an annually recurring period recognized in many ‘Western’ and ‘Western-influenced’ countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January, defined as incorporating at least ‘Christmas’ and usually ‘New Year’, and sometimes various other holidays and festivals. Originally, the term “Christmas season” was considered synonymous with ‘Christmastide’, a term itself derived from ‘Yuletide’, which runs from December 25 ‘Christmas Day’ to January 6 ‘Epiphany’, popularly known as the ’12 Days of Christmas’.

Beginning in the mid-20th century, as the Christian-associated ‘Christmas’ holiday became increasingly secularized and central to ‘American’ economics and culture while religio-multicultural sensitivity rose, generic references to the season that omitted the word “Christmas” became more common in the corporate and public sphere of the ‘United States’, which has caused a semantics controversy that continues to the present.

The tradition of celebrating the birth of ‘Christ’ on the 25th of December appears to date from the 4th century when ‘Christianity’ was adopted as the official religion of the ‘Roman Empire’. In the ‘Christian’ tradition the ‘Christmas’ season is a period beginning on ‘Christmas Day’ 25 December. In some churches the season continues until the day before the ‘Epiphany’, which is celebrated either on 6 January or on the Sunday between 2 and 8 January. In other churches it continues until the feast of the ‘Baptism of the Lord’, which falls on the sunday following the ‘Epiphany’, or on the monday following the ‘Epiphany’ if the ‘Epiphany’ is moved to 7 or 8 January.

In the United States the holiday season “is generally considered to begin with the day after Thanksgiving and end after New Year’s Day”.

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Plymouth Settlers

‘Thanksgiving’ is a holiday celebrated in the ‘United States’ on the fourth thursday in November. It became an official federal holiday in (1863), when, during the ‘Civil War’, President ‘Abraham Lincoln’ proclaimed a national day of “Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens”.

Also, there are reports that the original ‘Thanksgiving’ proclamation was signed by ‘George Washington’. As a federal and public holiday in the ‘United States’. ‘Thanksgiving’ is one of the major holidays of the year. Together with ‘Christmas’ and ‘New Year’, ‘Thanksgiving’ is a part of the broader holiday season.

‘Americans’ commonly trace the ‘Thanksgiving’ holiday to a (1621) celebration at the ‘Plymouth Plantation’, where the ‘Plymouth’ settlers held a harvest feast after a successful growing season. Autumn or early winter feasts continued sporadically in later years, first as an impromptu religious observance, and later as a civil tradition.

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1919 / Nov. 11

‘Veterans Day’ is an official ‘United States’ holiday that honors people who have served in the ‘U.S. Armed Forces’. It is a federal holiday that is observed on November 11.

‘Veterans Day’ celebrates the service of all ‘U.S. military’ veterans. U.S. President ‘Woodrow Wilson’ first proclaimed ‘Armistice Day’ for November 11 (1919). The ‘United States Congress’ passed a concurrent resolution seven years later on June 4 (1926), requesting that President ‘Calvin Coolidge’ issue another proclamation to observe November 11 with appropriate ceremonies.

In (1945), ‘World War II’ veteran ‘Raymond Weeks’ from ‘Birmingham’, ‘Alabama’, had the idea to expand ‘Armistice Day’ to celebrate all veterans, not just those who died in ‘World War I’. Weeks led a delegation to Gen. ‘Dwight Eisenhower’, who supported the idea of ‘National Veterans Day’. Weeks led the first national celebration in (1947) in ‘Alabama’ and annually until his death in (1985).

President ‘Reagan’ honored ‘Weeks’ at the ‘White House’ with the ‘Presidential Citizenship Medal’ in (1982) as the driving force for the national holiday. ‘Elizabeth Dole’, who prepared the briefing for President ‘Reagan’, determined ‘Weeks’ as the “Father of Veterans Day”. U.S. Representative ‘Ed Rees’ from ‘Emporia’, ‘Kansas’, presented a bill establishing the holiday through Congress.

President ‘Dwight D. Eisenhower’, also from ‘Kansas’, signed the bill into law on May 26 (1954). Congress amended this act on June 1 (1954), replacing “Armistice” with “Veterans” and it has been known as ‘Veterans Day’ since. ‘The National Veterans Award’, created (1954), also started in ‘Birmingham’.

Congressman ‘Rees’ of ‘Kansas’ was honored in ‘Alabama’ as the first recipient of the award for his support offering legislation to make ‘Veterans Day’ a federal holiday.

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