‘William Shakespeare’ was an ‘English’ poet, playwright and actor, regarded as the greatest writer in the ‘English’ language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist.
Born and brought up in ‘Stratford-upon-Avon’ and baptised there on April 26 (1564). At the age of 18, married the 26-year-old ‘Anne Hathaway’, the consistory court of the ‘Diocese of Worcester’ issued a marriage licence on November 27 (1582), at a time when ‘Catholic’ practice was against the law.
His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, the authorship of some of which is uncertain, it is not known exactly when ‘Shakespeare’ began writing, but contemporary allusions and records of performances show that several of his plays were on the ‘London’ stage by (1592).
Produced most of his known work between (1589) and (1613), his early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century.
He then wrote mainly tragedies until about (1608), including ‘Hamlet’, ‘King Lear’, ‘Othello’, and ‘Macbeth’, considered some of the finest works in the ‘English’ language.
‘Shakespeare’ was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century.