Monthly Archives: April 2014

Wartime Daughter

‘Anne Frank’ was born in ‘Frankfurt’ (1929), ‘Germany’, the second daughter of ‘Otto Frank’ and ‘Edith Frank’. Her wartime diary ‘The Diary of a Young Girl’ has been the basis for several plays and films.

On March (1933), elections were held in ‘Frankfurt’ for the municipal council, and ‘Adolf Hitler’ ‘Nazi Party’ won. Antisemitic demonstrations occurred almost immediately.

In May (1940), ‘Germany’ invaded the ‘Netherlands’, and the occupation government began to persecute ‘Jews’ by the implementation of restrictive and discriminatory laws; mandatory registration and segregation soon followed.

She lived most of her life in or near ‘Amsterdam’, in the ‘Netherlands’ and ‘Otto Frank’, the only survivor of the family, returned to ‘Amsterdam’ after the war to find that ‘Anne’ diary had been saved, and his efforts led to its publication in (1947).

‘Eleanor Roosevelt’ described it as “one of the wisest and most moving commentaries on war and its impact on human beings that I have ever read”.

She gained international fame posthumously after her diary was published. It documents her experiences hiding during the ‘German’ occupation of the ‘Netherlands’ in ‘World War II’.

‘John F. Kennedy’ discussed ‘Anne Frank’ in a (1961) speech, and said, “Of all the multitudes who throughout history have spoken for human dignity in times of great suffering and loss, no voice is more compelling than that of Anne Frank”.

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Shoah Holocaust

The biblical word ‘Shoah’, became the standard ‘Hebrew’ term for the ‘Holocaust’ as early as the (1940), especially in ‘Europe’ and ‘Israel’, the term ‘Holocaust’ comes from the ‘Greek’ word ‘Holókauston’.

Was the mass murder or genocide of approximately six million ‘Jews’ during ‘World War II’, a programme of systematic state-sponsored murder by ‘Nazi’ ‘Germany’, led by ‘Adolf Hitler’ and the ‘Nazi Party’, throughout the ‘German Reich’ and ‘German’ occupied territories.

Over one million ‘Jewish’ children were killed in the ‘Holocaust’, as were approximately two million ‘Jewish’ women and three million ‘Jewish’ men, including those of ‘Soviet’ prisoners of war, ‘Polish’ and ‘Soviet’ civilians, and homosexuals.


Amherst Poems

‘Emily Elizabeth Dickinson’ was a prolific private poet, born in (1830) ‘Amherst’, ‘Massachusetts’, to a successful family with strong community ties, she lived a mostly introverted and reclusive life.

Not only familiar with the ‘Bible’ but also with contemporary popular literature, many of her poems deal with themes of death and immortality, her first collection of poetry was published in (1890) and ‘William Shakespeare’ was also a potent influence in her life.

‘Dickinson’ poems are unique for the era in which she wrote; they contain short lines, typically lack titles, and often use slant rhyme as well as unconventional capitalization and punctuation.

She is now almost universally considered to be one of the most important ‘American’ poets.


Stratford Bard

‘William Shakespeare’ was an ‘English’ poet, playwright and actor, regarded as the greatest writer in the ‘English’ language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist.

Born and brought up in ‘Stratford-upon-Avon’ and baptised there on April 26 (1564). At the age of 18, married the 26-year-old ‘Anne Hathaway’, the consistory court of the ‘Diocese of Worcester’ issued a marriage licence on November 27 (1582), at a time when ‘Catholic’ practice was against the law.

His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, the authorship of some of which is uncertain, it is not known exactly when ‘Shakespeare’ began writing, but contemporary allusions and records of performances show that several of his plays were on the ‘London’ stage by (1592).

Produced most of his known work between (1589) and (1613), his early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century.

He then wrote mainly tragedies until about (1608), including ‘Hamlet’, ‘King Lear’, ‘Othello’, and ‘Macbeth’, considered some of the finest works in the ‘English’ language.

‘Shakespeare’ was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century.


Ēostre Sunday

The ‘New Testament’ teaches that the resurrection of ‘Jesus’, which ‘Easter’ celebrates, is a foundation of the ‘Christian faith’.

‘Easter’ or ‘Resurrection Sunday’ celebrating the resurrection of ‘Jesus Christ’ from the dead described in the ‘New Testament’ three days after his crucifixion at ‘Calvary’, called ‘Holy Week’ contains the days of the ‘Easter Triduum’ commemorating the crucifixion and death of ‘Jesus’, ‘Easter’ is linked to the ‘Jewish Passover’ by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar.

In many languages, the words for ‘Easter’ and ‘Passover’ are identical or very similar ‘Easter’ is linked to the ‘Passover’ and ‘Exodus’ from ‘Egypt’ recorded in the ‘Old Testament’ through the ‘Last Supper’ and crucifixion that preceded the resurrection.

‘Christians’, through faith in the working of ‘God’ are spiritually resurrected with ‘Jesus’ so that they may walk in a new way of life.